Creating a perfect pattern is a task that passionates both illustrators and designers, this is due to the fact that we can unleash all our creativity, exploring diverse techniques and graphic styles and integrating new trends in our work; It also allows us to play with the colour and its variations as well as with the scale depending on the type of surface the pattern is being designed for, etc.
Beforehand it could seem that in order to design a good pattern, just drawing and illustration skills would be needed, but the truth is that, it is important to acquire other skills, more fine and less obvious. There are not many, but they are vital. For example, an expert view must be developed, a certain sensitivity to detect excesses, deficiencies or lack of harmony in a composition. This is the only way that these small details that result in a perfect work, can be corrected and adjusted.
The main characteristics that makes a pattern a perfect pattern are:
1 A good pattern joins, or perfectly repeat module
Condition number 1. If this is not complied, we would not even be talking about a pattern. A pattern is a graphic motif which main attribute is that it can be repeated to the right, to the left, upwards and downwards without showing a cut, or a discontinuity of any kind. When the pattern presents a mistake, or a cut in any of its borders when repeated, it will show a discontinuity that could result in the loose of a good client (or including more serious problems). Because of this, not just an expert eye must be developed, but “a lot of expert eyes” in order to control your file before it is sent to stamp.
2 A good pattern should be readable without getting startled
If there is an element in your pattern that specially calls the attention, because of its size, colour, position or texture, it means that its read, inside the composition, is not harmonic. The eye will always go to this point, but what we need, is to create a perfect pattern that will cover a surface in a uniform way.
3 A good pattern must ideally be multidirectional
A pattern can have various reading directions: 1, 2, 3, or be multidirectional. If it is multidirectional, it means that it will be the same looked from any angle, its drawings or motifs will always make sense. For example, if the main motif was a calligraphic text, it could only be read in 3 directions at the best (in a reasonably comfortable way), but if it was completely reversed -vertically oriented-, it would be very strange, and the pieces of fabric that felt reversed in the confection of an article, should be discarded, resulting in a loss of materials and money.